What is it?
- Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus.(Flavivirus)
How is it Caused
- The viruses are transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito.[Aedes Aegypti]
- Usually breed in stagnant water
- Usually active in dark or shaded places outdoors, but indoor activity is also possible
- Mosquito usually transmits the disease by biting an infected person and then biting someone else. –An infected person cannot spread the infection directly to other persons (i.e. it is not a contagious disease).
How can I Identify?
- Fever: continuous for 3 to 5 days
- Severe headache
- Painful limbs, joint pain, muscle pain, back pain, pain behind eyeballs
- Rash appears on the 3rd to 4th day after onset.
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Slight gum bleeding and nasal bleeding.
- Extreme fatigue and depression may follow recovery.
- In very rare cases, the condition may worsen into dengue hemorrhagic fever, leading to haemorrhage, shock or even death.
How can it be diagnosed?
- CBC ,WBC ,PLATLETS ,HEMATOCRIT .
- LIVER FUNCTION TEST
- URINE microscopic[hematuria ]
- Virus isolation dengue Ig M Ig G .
What is the treatment?
- Fluids replacement .
- Prevention of dengue shock
What are it’s complication?
- Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
- Dengue Shock Syndrome
Can I prevent it?
- Environment control of mosquito
- Personal prophylactic measures
- Use of mosquito repellant creams, liquids , coils, mats etc.
- Wearing of full sleeve shirts and full pant with socks
- Use of mosquito nets for sleeping.
- Management of roof tops by not allowing collection of rain water ,no storing tire or discard bottles.
- Proper covering of stored water
- Reliable water supply
- Observation of weekly day to day by emptying water from containers and drying them nicely and then filling them.